Margrethe Alexandrine Þorhildur Ingrid, Her Majesty The Queen, became Queen of Denmark in 1972. Margrethe II was born on 16 April 1940 at Amalienborg Palace as the daughter of King Frederik IX (d. 1972) and Queen Ingrid, born Princess of Sweden (d. 2000). The Queen’s motto is "God’s help, the love of The People, Denmark’s strength".
The Royal Family comprises Her Majesty The Queen’s relatives, including HRH Princess Benedikte and Her Majesty Queen Anne-Marie.
Christening and confirmation
HM The Queen was christened on 14 May 1940 in Holmens Kirke (the Naval Church) and confirmed on 1 April 1955 at Fredensborg Palace.
The Act of Succession
The Act of Succession of 27 March 1953 gave women the right of succession to the Danish throne but only secondarily. On the occasion of her accession to the throne on 14
January 1972, HM Queen Margrethe II became the first Danish Sovereign under the new Act of Succession.
A Seat on the State Council
On 16 April 1958, the Heir Apparent, Princess Margrethe, was given a seat on the State Council, and she subsequently chaired the meetings of the State Council in the absence of King Frederik IX.
On 10 June 1967, the Heir Apparent married Henri Marie Jean André, Count of Laborde deMonpezat, who in connection with the marriage became HRH Prince Henrik of Denmark.
The wedding ceremony took place in Holmens Kirke, and the wedding festivities were held at Fredensborg Palace.
HRH Crown Prince Frederik André Henrik Christian, born 26 May 1968, and HRH Prince Joachim Holger Waldemar Christian, born 7 June 1969.
HM The Queen attended Zahles Skole between 1946 and 1955- she was a private pupil at Amalienborg Palace from 1946 to 1949. In 1955-1956, HM The Queen was a boarder at North Foreland Lodge in Hampshire, England. Having received private lessons, Her Majesty graduated from Zahles Skole with the upper secondary examination certificate (language line) in 1959. Between 1960 and 1965, HM The Queen studied at universities in Denmark and other European countries. After having passed the examination in philosophy at Copenhagen University in 1960, HM The Queen studied archaeology at the University of Cambridge in 1960-61 and earned a Diploma in Prehistoric Archaeology. Subsequently, Her Majesty studied political science at Aarhus University in 1961-1962, at the Sorbonne in 1963 and at the London School of Economics in 1965.
HM The Queen’s mother tongue is Danish. In addition, Her Majesty speaks French, Swedish, English and German.
Relations to the Defence
HM The Queen performed voluntary service with Women’s Flying Corps from 1958 to 1970 and received comprehensive training in the corps during this period.
In addition to her relationship with the Danish Defence, HM The Queen has special
connections to particular units of the British Defence. In 1972, Her Majesty was appointed
Colonel-in-Chief of The Queen's Regiment, and in 1992, she was appointed
Colonel-in-Chief of The Princess of Wales' Royal Regiment.
HM The Queen takes no part in politics and does not express any political opinions.
Tasks and duties as Head of State
Denmark has a constitutional monarchy, which means that the monarch cannot independently perform political acts. Although The Queen signs all Acts of Parliament,
these only come into force when they have been countersigned by a Cabinet Minister. As
Head of State, The Queen participates in the formation of a new government.
After consultation with representatives of the political parties, the party leader who has
the support of the largest number of seats in the Folketing (the Danish Parliament) is
invited to form a government. Once it has been formed, the monarch will formally appoint
it. Additionally, The Queen is the formal Head of the Government and therefore
presides over the State Council, where the Acts that have been passed by the Folketing
are signed into law.
The Prime Minister and the Minister of Foreign Affairs report regularly to The Queen
to inform her of the latest political developments. The Queen hosts official visits by foreign
heads of state and pays state visits abroad. The Queen receives every foreign ambassador and also formally appoints and dismisses civil servants.
The Queen's main tasks are to represent Denmark abroad and to be a figurehead at
home. The Queen performs the latter task by accepting invitations to open exhibitions,
attend anniversaries, inaugurate bridges, etc.
In 1989, HM The Queen was awarded the Mother-Tongue Society’s prize, and Her Majesty received the Adeil Order in 1990.
Since 1970, HM The Queen has been actively engaged in a number of artistic modes of expression: painting, church textiles, watercolours, prints, book illustrations, découpage
works, scenography and embroidery. Many of these artistic works have been
shown in connection with exhibitions in Denmark and abroad.
The Queen’s artistic works are represented at the following art museums: Statens
Museum for Kunst (National Gallery of Denmark), ARoS Aarhus Art Museum, , and Køge Art
Gallery Sketch Collection (sketches for church textiles).
Køge Art Museum of Sketches and The Glass Museum, Ebeltoft, both 1988; Millesgaarden, Stockholm, 1989; Blaafarveværket, Norway, 1991; Baron Boltens Gaard,
Copenhagen, 1991; Gammel Holtegaard, 1993 and Herning Art Gallery, 1993-1994;
Schloss Bourglinster, Luxembourg, 1994; Aarhus Art Building, Marienlyst Palace,
Helsingør, and the Danish Central Library, Flensburg, all 1998; The National Museum,
Reykjavik, (church textiles), 1998; Gallery J.M.S. (together with Dorte Foss), Oslo,
1999; Sofiero Palace, Hälsingborg, together with works of the late Crown Princess
Margareta, 2002; The Karen Blixen Museum (découpage works), Rungsted, 2002
and Blaafarveværket, Norway, 2003; The Didrichsen Art Museum, Helsinki, 2002-
2003; Yamanashi Hemslöjd, Tokyo, Japan, 2003; Brandts Klædefabrik, Odense, and
Waldemarsudde, Stockholm, together with works of the late Prince Eugen, 2003-2004;
Museo Stibbert, Firenze, Italy, 2006; The Bakkehus Museum, Copenhagen, together with
HRH The Prince Consort, 2007; Vitskøl Convent, Vendsyssel, 2007; Børglum Convent, Vendyssel,
2008; The Museum of Religious Art, Lemvig, 2009; H.C. Andersen’s House, Odense, 2009; Museo Franz
Meyer, Mexico; The Meridian International Center, Washington, DC, USA; Prince Gong’s Palace, Beijing, China and The Skovgaard Museum, Viborg, 2010; Tokyo, Japan, 2011; ARKEN, Ishøj; Eremitagen, Sankt Petersborg, Rusland, and Palazzo Massimo, Rome, all 2012, ARoS; Aarhus 2013.
Altarpiece for Skei Fjellkirke and Østre Gausdal, Norway, 2001.
HM The Queen has designed and embroidered chasubles for the Chapel at Fredensborg Palace (1976); the Chapel at Kronborg Castle; Angmagssalik/Tasiillaq Church, Greenland
both 1985); four chasubles and antependia for Haderslev Cathedral (1987-1988); four
chasubles for Aarhus Cathedral (1993-1995); St. Mary Church, Sønderborg, 2007; and Vemmetofte Convent church, 2008; two chasubles for Holmens Kirke 2012.
DESIGN AND EMBROIDERY OF BISHOP'S CAPES
Helsingør Diocese (1986); Viborg Diocese (1989); design of bishop's cape for HaderslevCathedral (1987-1988) and Aarhus Cathedral (1999); Aalborg Cathedral, 2006.
Design for a wedding rug for Fredensborg Palace church (1999)
SCENOGRAPHY AND COSTUMES
Costumes for the TV Theatre’s production of Hans Christian Andersen’s fairy tale, “The Shepherdess and the Chimney-Sweep”, 1987; scenography and costumes for the ballet, “A
Folk Tale”, The Royal Theatre, 1991; scenography (découpage works) and costumes
for a film about H.C. Andersen’s “The Snow Queen”, 1999-2000; costumes
for the ballet pantomime, “Love in the Dustbin”, based on fairy tales by H.C. Andersen, The Tivoli Pantomime Theatre, 2001; découpage works and sketches for Karen Blixen’s “The Sailor-Boy’s Tale”, Svalegangen’s puppet theatre, 2004; ¨Tommelise¨, based on H.C. Andersen’s fairy tale, The Pantomime Theatre, 2005; scenography and costumes for ¨Twelve by the Mail¨, The Court Theatre, 2006; ¨The Tinder Box¨, The Pantomime Theatre, 2007; scenography and costumes for ¨The Steadfast Tin Solider¨, The Court Theatre, 2007; ¨The Swineherd¨, The Pantomime Theatre, 2009; and découpage, scenography and costumes for the film, ¨The Wild Swans¨, based on H.C. Andersen’s fairy tale, 2009, the ballet The Nutcracker (scenography and costumes), Tivoli 2012.
Danish-language version of J.R.R. Tolkien’s “The Lord of The Rings” republished with illustrations by HM The Queen, 2002; “Historierne om Regnar Lodbrog” (The Tales of Regnar Lodbrog), 1979; “Bjarkemål” (The Song of Bjarke), 1982; Poul Ørum’s “Komedie i Florens” (Comedy in Florence), 1990. Prince Henrik’s “Cantabile”, 2000 (illustrated with découpage works); National and Family Bible, 2000 (vignettes); “Snedronningen. Et eventyr af H.C. Andersen” and “The Snow Queen. A fairy tale by Hans Christian Andersen”, both 2000 (découpage works); Karen Blixen’s “Syv fantastiske fortællinger” and “Seven Gothic Tales”, both 2003 (découpage works), The Prince Consort's "Frie hjul" 2008; "De vilde svaner" by H.C. Andersen, 2009 (découpage works).
Lithographs for The Danish Yacht Safety Board, 1986; the Danish Red Cross. 1988; costume sketches for “A Folk Tale” for the Danish Red Cross, 1991; Save the Children,
1994; Stentrykkets Venners Kunstnerlegat (artist’s grant by friends of lithography), 2000.
SKETCHES AND STUDIES
The Christmas postage stamp, 1970; illustrations for calendars for The Handicraft Society,1978 and 1984; The Christmas Spoon of the Year, 1984; the Greenland Christmas
postage stamp, 1983; the special postage stamp “The Fifth of May 1945-85”, 1985;
postage stamps for The National Association for the Mentally Handicapped, 1988; a
calendar for The Sclerosis Society, 1990; watercolours for The Co-operative Association,
1991; watercolours for Save the Children; Christmas cards for the World Wildlife Fund,
1991, 1994 and 1998; post cards for The Danish Seamen’s Church, 1992; illustrations for
a DanChurchAid calendar, 1993; playing cards for The Danish Refugee Council, 1994;
cards for UNICEF, 1996; a Christmas Heart for Save the Children, 1997; motives for
Christmas cards for the World Wildlife Fund, 1998; a poster for the collection “Help the
Balkans”, 1999; a calendar for The Danish Cancer Society, together with Bjørn Nørgaard’s
tapestries, 2003; a jubilee poster for The Danish Stroke and Aphasia Association and a
porcelain dish for Børnehjælpsdagen (Child Welfare Day), both 2004.
Simone de Beauvoir’s “Tous les hommes sont mortels” into Danish under the assumed name of H.M. Vejerbjerg (HM The Queen together with HRH The Prince Consort). In
addition, HM The Queen has produced Danish translations of Stig Strömholm’s “Dalen”, “Fälten”
and “Skogen”, 1988-1989, and Eric Linklater’s “The Wind on the Moon” (with cover