The Royal Lineage

H.M. Dronningen og H.K.H. Kronprinsen med H.K.H. Prins Christian
 936, d.958  Gorm the Old 
 d. latest 987 Harald Bluetooth
 d. 1014       Sweyn Forkbeard 
 1014-1018  Harald II 
 1018-1035  Canute the Great 
 1035-1042  Hardicanute 
 1042-1047  Magnus the Good 
 1047-1074  Sweyn Estridsen 
 1074-1080  Harald Hén 
 1080-1086  Canute the Holy 
 1086-1095  Oluf Hunger 
 1095-1103  Eric Egode 
 1104-1134  Niels 
 1134-1137  Erik Emune 
 1137-1146  Eric Lamb 
 1146-1157  Sweyn Grathe,  
Valdemar the Great Canute V 
 1157-1182  Valdemar I the Great 
 1182-1202  Canute VI
Valdemar the Victorious
Eric Ploughpenny
 1252-1259  Christopher I 
 1259-1286  Eric Clipping 
 1286-1320  Eric Menved 
 1319-1332  Christopher II 
 1332-1340  Interregnum 
 1340-1375  Valdemar IV Atterdag 
 1375-1387  Oluf II 
 1387-1412  Margrete I 
 1412-1439  Eric of Pomerania 
 1440-1448  Christopher of Bavaria 
 1448-1481  Christian I 
 1482-1513  Hans 
 1513-1523  Christian II 
 1523-1533  Frederik I 
 1533-1534  Interregnum 
 1534-1559  Christian III 
 1559-1588  Frederik II 
 1588-1648  Christian IV 
 1648-1670  Frederik III 
 1670-1699  Christian V 
 1699-1730  Frederik IV 
 1730-1746  Christian VI
 1746-1766  Frederik V 
 1766-1808  Christian VII 
 1808-1839  Frederik VI 
 1839-1848  Christian VIII 
 1848-1863  Frederik VII 
 1863-1906  Christian IX 
 1906-1912  Frederik VIII 
 1912-1947  Christian X 
 1947-1972  Frederik IX 
 Since 1972-  Margrethe II

Frederik IX

  • King of Denmark from 1947 to 1972
  • Motto: "With God for Denmark"
  • Born: 11 March 1899
  • Son of: Christian 10. and Queen Alexandrine, born Duchess of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
  • Married: 24 May 1935 to Princess Ingrid Victoria Sofia Louise Margareta, born 1910, daughter of Crown Prince Gustav Adolf, later King Gustav VI Adolf of Sweden (1882-1973) and Crown Princess Margaretha (1882-1920)
  • Children: Princesses: Margrethe (II), Benedikte and Anne-Marie

The King's reign coincided with one of the greatest and swiftest periods of change in the history of Denmark. During these years, Danish society shook off the restrictions of an agricultural society marked by scarcity and developed at breakneck speed towards a welfare state characterised by abundance. Simultaneously, in the light of the experience gained from the Second World War, the former policy of neutrality was replaced by a policy of actively joining alliances. Furthermore, as a consequence of the booming economy of the 1960s, women entered the labour market and achieved in decisive areas the equality that their mothers and grandmothers had fought for over the years. In other words, Denmark became a modern country, which meant altogether new demands on the monarchy and its ability to adjust.

Tactfully supported by the Queen, King Frederik IX with a definite sense of the requirements of the day carried through the change of the monarchy from a distant, elevated institution to a general, symbolic image of the levelling out of class distinctions, which was a result of the modernisation of society.

The King's behaviour was cheerful and straightforward, and he possessed the gift of being able to deal with all people with natural friendliness and warmth without jeopardising the inherent dignity of a monarch. He was helped in this through his training as an officer of the navy with its binding but informal environment, which he felt strongly related to throughout his life. Before he became King, he had acquired the rank of Rear-Admiral and he had had several senior commands on active service. In addition, with his great love of music the King was an able piano player and conductor.

Due to the relaxed and loving tone in the Royal Family, which the King and Queen in contrast to previous tradition were prepared to give the public an idea of, the Royal Family in the reign of Frederik IX became a popular reflection of the typical Danish family as it developed in line with the modernisation of society. Shortly after the King had delivered his New Year's Address to the Nation at the 1971/72 turn of the year, he fell seriously ill. His death following a short period of illness was felt as a great loss by the Danish population, which to an unprecedented extent had taken the King and his family to heart.

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